Friday, June 2, 2017

Why Trump With-drawled the U.S. From The Paris Climate Agreement

The Paris Agreement was created in 2015 aiming to bring rich and poor countries together in an effort to keep Earth’s air clean and to combat global warming. 
Rich countries agreed to commit up to 3 billion in aid by 2020 to help poor countries transform their economies. The overall agreement is legally binding, but some elements, including the pledges to curb emissions by individual countries and the climate finance elements, are not.
All the countries agreed on demands from the US and the European Union for five-year reviews of their greenhouse gas emissions reductions. 


However, it was soon brought to light that China, who since 2011 has been emitting the most greenhouse gases in the world, was under reporting their number of emission. This proved very unfair to the other countries especially the United States, one of the “rich” countries, giving money to this deal. Without any regulations such as no legal binding to actually curb emissions, report accurately, and control finance, the deal is weak. The Agreement, with it’s good intentions, unfortunately has loop holes that cause more spending and no guarantee of change in the environment. Trump asked for a counter offer in the deal, but that was denied. Trump then pulled the U.S. out of the deal. 

[photo source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_issues_in_China]

Thursday, February 23, 2017

How Are Refugees Doing In Sweden

Facts:



  • Since the 1990s, Sweden has been taking about 40,000 refugees a year. 
  •  With a population of 9.5 million, Sweden took in 160,000 refugees in 2015. That's double the amount it had been previously accepting. 
  • Morgan Johansson, Sweden’s justice and migration minister, said that the country’s “system would completely collapse” if 200,000 more asylum seekers in 2016 came to Sweden. The numbers keep increasing dramatically since 2014. 
  • Wealthy countries across northern Europe, including Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Britain, are beginning to back out against calls to accept more refugees amid fears that it could undermine stretched welfare systems, national integration and quality of life. 
  • The numbers differ depending on reports, but the largest percentage of Refugees are currently coming from Syria, the next largest percent from Afghanistan and 21 % from Somalia and Eritrea due to the on-going turmoil and economic collapses from civil and religious wars in Africa and the middle east. 
  •  Last year in 2016, 28,939 more people applied for asylum in Sweden.




How Are The Refugees Doing?

While the refugees are able to escape the dangers of war and famine, they face new dangers of surviving economically. Asylum seekers are banned from formally working in Europe while their asylum application is being processed, but if a refugee qualifies, Sweden offers “at-und” which is an exemption granted by Migrationsverket (Swedish Migration Agency) and allows some asylum seekers access to the job market. Lisa Bergstrand of Migrationsverket told SVT (Sveriges Television the Swedish public service television company): “There was an incredible number of people applying for asylum in Sweden and so that we should be able to register them, we had to de-prioritize certain tasks, and that was the matter of jobs”. 
The asylum seeker in the article below claims to be an electronics engineer and has been waiting a year and three months to be granted a permit to work in Sweden. He also feels he is living in poor conditions. His anger is apparent as he speaks for other refugees in saying that they curse the day they came to Sweden. Read his plea below. 

Why Is There Fear Of Refugees In The U.S.?

U.S. president, Donald Trump, said in one of his speeches to look at what's happening in Europe and in Sweden. Many people questioned what he was referring to and misinterpreted his words as referring to Sweden having had a large scale Islamic terror attack. The first terror attack reported in Sweden was on December 11, 2010, in Stockholm when two bombs exploded killing the bomber and injuring two people. An Iraqi-born Swedish citizen was suspected of the crime and this was described as the first bombing as acts of Islamic terrorism in the Nordic countries. Recently, in 2016, A 20 year old man of middle eastern decent was convicted of trying to carry out an ISIS-inspired suicide bombing in Sweden using a homemade pressure-cooker bomb. He had tried Traveling to Syria to join ISIS, but was detained in Turkey. His family had notified the police just in time to stop him. He went under a psychotic investigation, but the results were inconclusive. He is now serving only 5 years in prison. These are so far, the only incidences where Sweden has been the victims of so called militant islamic terror attacks. 

What Trump was referring to in his speech, were not terrorist attacks, but the dangers that poor economic conditions bring to refugees. If a country does not possess a healthy boosting economy with opportunities for people of every language and culture to join the work force and become part of the economic cycle, based on the reports both from European leaders and refugees living life, the asylum seeker may never fully reach asylum. As they become drained of their resources, no job, no money, no one to turn to for life advice, their refugee communities slowly become ghetto slums full of resentment which provoke the riots Sweden has been experiencing. It also poses danger for opening the doors to ISIS recruiters and human trafficking. Female refugees, having been depleted of their savings due to their long road to asylum, turn to prostitution which has been the case in Italy. While some of the young men consider joining up with ISIS. In 2015, Sweden had to fire their entire staff of immigration resettlement assistants after reports that they were recruiting for ISIS. The problem has since been taken care of, but this is another concern that all countries accepting refugees should look out for. 
Inside the cities of Sweden that contain the most migrants and foreigners, like the city of Malmö, there is average crime rate, but combined with unique instances like mass amounts of cars being set on fire. Sometimes 7 at a time. Drones have been called in to catch the fire-starters. Law enforcers have become the enemy. Migrant city residents have been accused of making false emergency calls to lure policeman and firefighters in to town and surprise attack them with trashcan bombs and stone throwing. 

This Swedish local describes what she has been recently witnessing. I found it interesting to note that many of the people living in these cities that have been involved in violence are not even directly refugees. Some are second and third generation residents. 




Can The U.S. Afford To Take Refugees?


When President Trump said look at what is happening in Europe and Sweden, it prompted me to go look.  And this is everything I found. The fear of refugees coming to the U.S. at this point in time, is that they are coming to economically weak and depleted states, where opportunities to live content lives are not a clear possibility.


Here is a quote from The Washington Times:


{“The U.S. admitted 84,995 refugees in the fiscal year ending in September 2016, the most in any year during the Obama administration. An additional 31,143 refugees have been admitted to the U.S. from Oct. 1 through Jan. 24, including more than 1,136 refugee admissions since Donald Trump became president on Jan. 20,” note Pew Research Center analysts Jens Manuel Krogstad and Jynnah Radford, based on statistics from the U.S. State Department’s Refugee Processing Center, plus historical data.}


"California, Texas and New York resettled nearly a quarter of the new arrivals."


California and New York rank the lowest in the state economic outlook rankings of 2016 with New York being number 50 in complete last place and California being number 46. This means it will be harder for a refugee to grow financially living in these states unless they personally have a rich sponsor.


Texas is doing better at number 12 on the list. They can probably afford to take in some refugees and actually give them a chance at building a new life. 


"Other states that received at least 3,000 refugees included Michigan, Ohio, Arizona, North Carolina, Washington, Pennsylvania and Illinois. By contrast, Arkansas, the District of Columbia and Wyoming each resettled fewer than 10 refugees. Delaware and Hawaii took in no refugees."


North Carolina ranked at number 2 so they can definitely afford to help refugees and Arizona as well ranking in at number 5. Illinois is low on the list at number 43 and not to mention they are dealing with constant gun violence involving constant shooting deaths in the city of Chicago. Delaware and Hawaii are humbled not taking in any refugees as they are also near the bottom of the list ranking in at numbers 42 and 44. 


Is There Any Good News?


According to the stats in the economic outlook, some states have better economic standing and can afford to take in refugees and help while other states are struggling. Fear is rising because states like California and New York that take pride in their humanitarianism, do not have the economic stability to back it up. These states and any others not prepared properly to assist refugees could meet the same depressing fate as the cities in Sweden and other European countries that are having trouble tending to refugee's special needs. There is good news. The U.S. has been able to successfully manage the number of refugees it has accepted thus far. With president Trump well aware of the situation, he will try to monitor the refugee intake and displacement for the best possible care and opportunities for new arrivals so that they do not meet the same fate as they have in the EU. With possibilities of refugees being able to live in asylum closer to their original homes and not have to dangerously travel so far away to places that are harder to adjust to financially and culturally. Also, Americans can help refugees get up on their feet. Check out rescue.org https://www.rescue.org/how-to-help